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Manual Fundamentals of English Grammar,

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Avenue du Parc. Taschereau Brossard J4Z 1A7. Centre Laval.

Champigny Saint-Denis. Complexe Desjardins. Plaza St-Hubert. Carrefour Laval. Saint Sauveur. Place Laurier. St-Georges de Beauce. Centre Rockland. Non disponible. Carrefour l'Estrie. Les Galeries de Terrebonne. Galeries d Anjou. Prix :. Auteur :. Titre :. Date de parution :. Collection :. Pages :. Sujet :. The meaning of frequency adverbs. Chart Directions: Answer the questions. Discuss the meaning of the frequency adverbs. What is something that. I frequently do in class?

I usually don't do in class? Position of frequency adverbs. Chart Directions: Add the word in italics to the sentence. Put the word in its usual mid sentence position. Frequency adverbs in negative sentences. Chart Directions: Add the given words to the sentence. Put the adverbs in their usual inidsentence position. Make any necessary changes in the sentence. Sentence: Jack doesn't shave in the morning. Using the simple present with frequency adverbs. Use frequency adverbs to talk about yourself. Speaker A: Your book is open.

Tell your classmate about yourself, using the given ideas and frequency adverbs. Speaker B: Your book is closed. Repeat the information Speaker A just gave you. Speaker A: If Speaker B did not understand correctly, repeat the information. If Speaker B understood the information say, "Right. You usually walk to school. Do you ever walk to school? I seldom walk to school. I usually take the bus.

OR I usually walk to school too. Activity: topics for discussion or writing. Topics can also be used for writing practice. Use several frequency adverbs with each topic. See Chart for a list of frequency adverbs. Example: What are some of the things you do when you get up in the morning? I always brush my teeth. I seldom make my bed. I usually take a shower. I never take a bath. What are some things people in your country do. A singular verb ends in -s, as in d. A singular verb follows a singular subject.

It sings loudly. Add -s to the simple present verb if die subject is Ann sings beautifully. He sings in a chorus. See Chart , p. Chart Directions: Look at each word that ends in -s. Is it a noun or a verb?

The five key principles

Is it singular or plural? Ali lives in an apartment. Plants grow. Ann listens to the radio in the morning. The students at this school work hard. A doctor helps sick people. Planets revolve around the sun. A dictionary lists words in alphabetical order, 8.

Lee likes to go to Forest Park in the spring. He takes the bus.

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He sits on a bench near a pond and feeds the birds. Ducks swim toward him for food, and pigeons land all around him. Chart Directions: Add final -sl-es. Final -s is simply added. Charts and Directions: Under line the verb in each sentence. Do not change any other words. A dog bark.

Dogs bark. G]C no change 3. Wood float on water 4. Rivers flow toward the sea. My mother worry about me. A student buy a lot of books at the beginning of each term. Airplanes fly all around the world. Wong teach Chinese at the university. The teacher ask us a lot of questions in class every day. Cook watch game shows on TV every evening. Present Time 13 1 1. Music consist of pleasant sounds. Cats usually sleep eighteen hours a day. The front page of a newspaper contain the most important news of the day.

Taylor never cross the street in the middle of a block. She always walk to the corner and use the pedestrian walkway. Many parts of the world enjoy four seasons: spring, summer, autumn, and winter. Each season last three months and bring changes in the weather. Charts and Directions: Count aloud around the class to the number Find your number s in the exercise list, and write the words that appear beside it on a slip of paper.

Then close your book. Walk around the classroom and read your words aloud to classmates. You are looking for the other half of your sentence. When you find the person with the other half, combine the information on your two slips of paper into a sentence. Write the sentence on the chalkboard or on a piece of paper.

Make changes in the verb if necessary. Example using items I and 8 : A star shines in the sky at night- 1. Brazil 8. The simple present and the present progressive. Work in pairs, in groups, or as a class. Sentence 1: Activity in progress: Describe what the person in the picture is doing. Sentence 2: Usual frequency: Describe how often this person probably does this activity. Sentence 3: Generalization: Make a general statement or two about this activity. Example- Sentence 1: The man in the picture is swimming. Sentence 2: It looks like he's near a tropical island.

If he's on vacation there, he probably swims every day. If he lives there all the time, he probably swims once or twice a week. Sentence 3: People swim for enjoyment and exercise. Swimming in the ocean is fun. I zvant a sandwich. Some verbs are not used in progressive tenses. Think and have can be used in the progressive. In e : When think expresses thoughts that are going through a person's mind, it can be progressive. In f : When have means "own" or expresses possession, it is not used in the progressive. In g : In expressions where have does not mean "own" e.

Progressive verbs vs. Chart Directions: Complete the sentences with the words in parentheses. Use the simple present or the present progressive, 1. Right now I look lookin g at the board. I see some words on the board. A: yoiij need some help 3 Mrs. B: Yes, thank you. That's very kind of you. A: Who is that man? I think that I know him, but I forget his name. B: That's Mr. A: That's right! I remember him now. A: you, believe in flying saucers? B: What you, talk about? A: You know, spaceships from outer space with alien creatures aboard.

B: In my opinion, flying saucers exist only in people's imaginations. Present Time 1 7 5- Right now the children be at the beach. They have a good time. They have a beach ball, and they play catch with it. Their parents sunbathe. They try to get a tan. They also hear 6. I think about seagulls and waves, seagulls?


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According blue to red honesty and loyalty in their friends. A preference for red mean that a to the article, people who prefer be calm and value person be excitement. B: Oh? That sound aggressive and love like a bunch of nonsense to me. A: Does the earth turn around and around?

B: Yes, Jimmy. The earth spin around and around on its axis as it circles the sun. The earth spin rapidly at this very moment. B: Really? I can't feel it moving. A: Of course not! B: I guess so. I can't see it move. It isn't moving. A: you, believe only those things that you can see? Look at the trees out the window. All of them grow at this very moment, but you can't see the growth. They get bigger and bigger with every second that passes. You can't see the trees grow, and you can't feel the earth spin, but both events take place at this moment while you and I speak.

How do you know? Yes , he does. No, he doesn't. Yes, he likes tea. No, he doesn't like tea. Do you like tea? Yes, I do. No, I don't. No, I don't like tea. Yes, I am Fm studying. No, Fm not studying. Is Toko a student? OR No, she isn't. Yes, she is she's a srudent. No, she's not a student. OR No, she isn't a student. Are they studying? OR No, they aren't. Yes, they are they're studying. No, they're not studying. OR No, they aren't studying. Mwj is, and are are not contracted with pronouns in short answers. Yes, she's. Chart Directions: Complete the following dialogues by using the words in parentheses.

Also give short answers to the questions as necessary. She have a ten-speed bike. At least, I think, not so. A: your friends, write B: Yes,. I get 4. A: the students, take B: No,. They do lots of e-mails all the time. I get 6. A: she, be. She usually study at the library. The word effect is a noun -. Chart Directions: Answer the questions with books closed. Give both a short and a long answer. Work in pairs or as a class. Example: Is Texas south of the equator? Texas isn't south of the equator. Do you wear a wristwatch every day?

Are you interested in politics? Is Toronto in western Canada? Switch roles if working in pairs, 7. Do whales lay eggs? Does your country have bears in the wild? Are dogs intelligent? Is the earth turning on its axis and rotating around the sun at the same time? Do all mosquitoes carry malaria? Review: present verbs. Chapter 1 Directions: Complete the sentences by using the words in parentheses. Supply the short answer to a question if necessary.

She bought it last month. Do you? No, but I have a ten-speed bike. A: Where are the children? B: In the living room. A; What are they doing? B: No, they. They play a game. A: Shhh. I hear a noise, you, hear it y too? B: Yes, I. I wonder what it is. A; Johnny, you, listen to me?

B: Of course I anr. You want me to take out the garbage. A: Right! And right now! A: Knock, knock! Anybody home? Hey, Bill! It's me. I'm here with Tom. Where are you? B: I be in the bedroom. A: What you, do? B: I try to sleep! A: Oh. I won't bother you. Torn, shhh. Bill rest 6. A: What you, think about at night before you fall asleep? B: I think about all of the pleasant things that happened during the day. I think; not about my problems. A: A penny for your thoughts. B: Huh?

A: What you think about right now? B: I think about English grammar. I think, not about anything else right now. A: I believe, not you! A: you, see that man over there? B: Which man? The man in the brown jacket? A: No, I talk about the man who wear the blue shirt. Oh, that man.

Grammar Speaks. Fundamentals of English Grammar - AnkiWeb

No, I think, not so. A: you, know any tongue-twisters? B; Yes, I. Here's one: She sells seashells down by the seashore. Can you say this: Sharon wears Sue's shoes to zoos to look at cheap sheep? B: That make, not any sense. A: I know. Error analysis: present verbs. Chapter 1 Directions; Correct the errors in verb tense usage. It's brand new.

He love to listen to music, so the CD player is play one of his favorite CDs— loudly. Omar is very happy: he is drive his own car and listen to loud music. He's look forward to his visit with his aunt. She's elderly and live alone. She is thinking Omar a wonderful nephew.

She love his visits. He try to be helpful and considerate in every way. His aunt don't hearing well, so Omar is speaks loudly and clearly when he's with her. He isn't staying with her overnight. He usually is staying for a few hours and then is heading back to the city. He kiss his aunt good-bye and give her a hug before he is leaving. Omar is a very good nephew. Review of present verbs and preview of past verbs. Chapters 1 and 2 Directions: Discuss the italicized verbs.

Do they express present time or past time? Do the verbs describe an activity or situation that. Jennifer works for an insurance company. When people need help with their automobile insurance, they call her. Right now it is a. She came to work on time this morning. Yesterday Jennifer was late to work because she had a minor auto accident. While she was driving to work, her cell phone rang.

She answered it. It was her friend Rob. She was happy to hear from him because she likes Rob a lot and always enjoys her conversations with him. While they were talking, Jennifer, who is allergic to bee stings, noticed two bees in her car. She quickly opened the car windows and swatted at the bees while she was talking to Rob on the phone. Her hands left the steering wheel, and she lost control of the car. Her car ran into a row of mailboxes beside the road and stopped. Fortunately, no one was hurt in the accident.

Jennifer is okay, but her car isn't. It needs repairs. When Jennifer got to work this morning, she talked to her own automobile insurance agent. That was easy to do because he works at the desk right next to hers. The simple past is used to talk about activities or situations that began and ended in the past e. The simple past forms of be are vuas and were.

We-You-They were in class yesterday. We-You-They were not weren't in class yesterday. Yes, I-she-he-it was. Noj I-she-he-it wasn't. No, we-you-they weren't. Present and past time: statements and negatives. Chapter 1 and Charts - Directions; All of the following sentences have inaccurate information. Correct them by a making a negative statement, and b making an affirmative statement with accurate information. Thomas Edison invented the telephone. You live in a tree. You took a taxi to school today. You're sitting on a soft, comfortable sofa.

Our teacher wrote Romeo and Juliet. Our teacher's name is William Shakespeare. You were on a cruise ship in the Mediterranean Sea yesterday. Rocks float and wood sinks. The teacher flew into the classroom today. Spiders have six legs. Some verbs are past, and some are present. Work as a class with the teacher as Speaker A or in pairs.

Only Speaker A's book is open. Rosa didn't leave the classroom. Rosa is still here. She's sitting next to Kim. You got up at this morning. This book has a green cover. Shakespeare wrote novels. A river flows from the bottom of a valley to the top of a mountain. We cook food in a refrigerator.

Switch roles if working m pairs, 9. Butterflies have ten legs. This mornings you drove to school in a name of a kind of car. You speak French and Arabic. This room has supply an incorrect number windows. Complete each sentence to make an inaccurate statement. Correct Speaker A's statement, first by using a negative sentence and then by giving correct information. Dogs have tails. Cats have tails. Birds have tails. But people don't have tails. You ate. Automobiles have You ,.

Switch roles. You make a voiceless sound by pushing air through your mouth. No sound comes from your throat. You make a voiced sound from your throat. Your voice box vibrates. Pronunciation of -ED endings. Chart Directions: Write the correct pronunciations and practice saying the words aloud. Chart Directions: Practice saying these words. Use them in sentences. Two Consonants NO b help learn helping learning helped learned If the verb ends in two consonants, just add -ing or -ed. YES f prefer admit preferring admitting preferred admitted If the second syllable of a two-syllable verb is stressed, double the consonant.

Do not change the -y to -i. Chart Directions: Write the -ing and -ed forms of the following verbs. Past Time 31 9. Most verbs are regular. See the reference list of irregular verbs that follows in Chart Some verbs are irregular. It is used in perfect tenses see Chapter 4 an d the passive Chapter It is used in progressive tenses e. Chart Directions: Complete each sentence with the simple past of any irregular verb that makes sense.

There may be more than one possible completion. Maria walked to school today. Rebecca her bicycle. Yoko Mov e her car. Olga the bus. Last night I had a good night's sleep. Ann a beautiful dress to the wedding reception. It got so cold last night that the water in the pond 5. Frank was really thirsty. He four glasses of water. Karen had to choose between a blue raincoat and a tan one. She finally the blue one. My husband gave me a painting for my birthday.

I in my office. Last night around midnight, when I was sound asleep, the telephone. It me up. The sun I at this morning and will set at Manning They are in jail now. Oh my gosh! Call the police! Someone my car! Today Victor has on slacks and a sports jacket, but yesterday he jeans and a sweatshirt to work. My friend told me that he had a singing dog. When the dog , I my hands over my ears. I the kitchen floor with a broom. A bird into our apartment through an open window. The children had a good time at the park yesterday.

They the ducks small pieces of bread. My dog , a hole in the yard and buried his bone. That's why he to bring his books to class. Simple past: irregular verbs. Alex hurt his finger when he was fixing his dinner last night. He accidentally it with a sharp knife. I don't have any money in my pocket. I it all yesterday. I'm flat broke.

Ann didn't throw her old shoes away. She them because they were comfortable. I an interesting article in the newspaper yesterday. Jack his pocketknife at the park yesterday. This morning he back to the park to look for it. He was glad to have it back. Litovchenko was very happy but a little nervous when he his baby in his arms for the first time. I Jennifer's parents when they visited her, She introduced me to them. A: Is Natasha still angry with you?

B: No, she me for what I did, and she's speaking to me again. Past Time 35 9. I dropped my favorite vase. It fell on the floor and hundred pieces. When I went shopping yesterday, I cooking pot. Jane didn't want anyone to find her diary, so she in her closet, I didn't want anyone else to see the note, so I and them in the wastebasket.

The children I have a cold. Yesterday I Last night I pictures of themselves in art class yesterday. Sam ran the fastest, so he the race. My dog isn't very friendly. Yesterday she my neighbor's leg. Luckily, my dog is very old and doesn't have sharp teeth, so she didn't hurt my neighbor. Steve on the campfire to make it burn. When I went fishing yesterday, I a fish right away. But the fish was too small to keep. I carefully returned it to the water. It quickly away.

I didn't believe her the truth. Simple past. Most of the verbs are irregular; some are regular. Example: Give Throw your pen to. Open your book. Draw a triangle on the board. Shut your book. Turn to page ten in your book.

Fundamentals of English Grammar Student Book with Essential Online Resources (4e)

Stand up. Choose a pen, this one or that one. Hold your book above your head. Put your book in your lap. Bend your elbow. Touch the tip of your nose. Sell your pen to Spell the word "happened. Hit your desk with your hand. Shake hands with Bite your finger. Read a sentence from your book. Hide your pen. Repeat my sentence: This book is black.

Leave the room. Hang your jacket on your chair. Speak to. Tear a piece of paper. Write your name on the board. Simple past: questions and short answers. Charts Directions: Use the words in parentheses. Give short answers to questions where necessary. B: Yes,. It get in at on the dot. A: you, go to class yesterday? B: No,. I stay home because I feel, not good, 4.

A: Mark Twain, write Tom Sazvyer? He also write Huckleberry Finn. Past Time 37 5. A: you, eat breakfast this morning? Simple past: questions, short answers, and irregular verbs. Speaker A: Ask questions beginning with "Did you. Look at Chart if necessary to check the correct form of an irregular verb. Your book is open. Speaker B: In order to practice using irregular verbs, answer "yes" to all of Speaker A's questions. Give both a short answer and a long answer. Your book is closed. I ate breakfast this morning.

Past time. Charts Directions: Pair up with a classmate. Speaker A: Tell Speaker B about your activities yesterday. Think of at least five things you did yesterday to tell Speaker B about. Also think of two or three things you didn't do yesterday. Take notes while Student A is talking. Use the notes from the conversation to write a composition about the other student's activities yesterday. Tom came to my house at p. I was eating dinner when Tom came.

The phone rang at 1 I was sleeping when the phone rang. The past progressive expresses an activity that was in progress was occurring, was happening at a point of time in the past e. In c : eating was in progress at ; eating was in progress when Tom came. You-We-They were working. You-We-They were not weren't working. Were you- we- they working?

Basic English Grammar: Have, Has, Had

Yes, you- we- they were. No, I-she-he-it wasn't. No, you-we-they weren't. Simple past and past progressive. Charts and Directions: Complete the sentences with the words in parentheses. Use the simple past or the past progressive. At p. While Bob eat dinner, Ann come through the door. Bob went to bed at At Bob sleep 5. While Bob sleep , the phone ring 6. In other words, when the phone ring , Bob sleep 7. Bob left his house at A. Smith wave she see on her front porch.