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When the APU is inoperative, the air is supplied by a ground air cart, requiring an engine to be started at the gate. Air for the second engine start can be supplied by the running engine, using bleed air compressed air extracted from the engine before the fuel is introduced. To have sufficient pressure, it is often necessary to increase the RPM of the running engine.
This is the reason that advising Ground Control is necessary. The jet blast from an engine at increased RPMs can pose a danger to other aircraft or ground vehicles.
What Actually Happens When a Plane Loses an Engine
I have done many cross-bleed starts, which required coordination with Ground Control, but airport fire facilities were never involved. John Cox is a retired airline captain with U. Airways and runs his own aviation safety consulting company, Safety Operating Systems. Any engine failure on a twin-engine aircraft will require the pilots to land the aircraft at the nearest suitable airport. Statistically this is unlikely to be your destination unfortunately!
How far can a twin-engine plane fly on one engine?
Different types of aircraft may have different names for the various switches, handles and procedures, but the basic principle remains the same; to safely shut down and secure the engine in a timely manner. These steps are typically as follows:. Each of these actions MUST be verified by both crew members. For example, the pilot completing the checklist will touch the respective control switch, such as the Fuel Control Switch, and the other pilot will confirm they are about to action the correct switch prior to moving it.
It is required to be completed at a reasonable pace not rushing through to ensure the wrong engine is not shutdown. However, if an engine fire continues after this procedure has been followed, the flight crew may need to consider an immediate landing and in very severe cases, this may mean a forced landing away from any airport. However, rest assured, the potential of such an occurrence is unbelievably remote. Reasons why an engine might fail or be shut down by the pilots:. What are the implications of an engine failure? The first implication is the asymmetric thrust that will be produced.
This results in the aircraft wanting to turn away from the working engine and entering a turn. If left unchecked, this will result in loss of control of the aircraft. This usually has to be corrected manually by the pilots through the rudder pedals.
Any time there is an adjustment in speed, thrust or altitude, the pilots will need to ensure the aircraft remains balanced and in control. If the aircraft is in the cruise at the time of the failure which is statistically most likely , a descent will need to be quickly initiated to an intermediate altitude which can be maintained by the remaining engine typically between 15,ft — 25,ft for most aircraft, depending on weight.
System Redundancy. These usually include the Hydraulics, Pneumatics which provide cabin air and Electrics. Whilst these systems have a level of redundancy in part through the other engine , some parts of the system may no longer be available which could affect aircraft handling and performance. Landing Performance. Landing with a lower flap configuration increases the landing distance required and therefore the pilots must carefully consider which airport they elect to land at.
Airport weather, runway length and aircraft weight all play a part in these considerations. Having an additional engine gives aviators the option to get to an airport or the most suitable landing place available. Some models include added engineering that keeps some or all systems—avionics, de-icing and even cabin comforts—running off the remaining single engine.
While added confidence is an important reason to move to a multi-engine aircraft, other features often propel pilots in search of change, chief among them: speed and space. That just gave me more time to fish for muskies. The additional engine also provided the aircraft the added power to climb higher where more favorable winds could reduce fuel use and offer a smoother ride.
Adding a multi-engine certification can be a relatively quick task—about a month for comprehensive training. They want to be prepared in case of any emergency. When Deubler began looking for a strong flight school, he was lucky to have a good one close to home. The staff included a master instructor, and the owner is an FAA examiner.
Why you shouldn't freak out if your plane loses an engine
Deubler said he was quite prepared when, after two years of intermittent training, his instructor surprised him with the check ride. I try to hold my flying skills to a higher level than most. Wanting even more in-depth training, both Deubler and Kotwal flew with mentor pilots after their checkrides to hone their experience as new multi-engine flyers. Even after Kotwal logged about hours with his mentor pilot, he still planned to log some more since the twin was his first aircraft.
Insurance companies like to see at least hours of flight time during the first year in a twin-engine aircraft. With the exception of a few multi-engine-specific items, most tasks included in the multi-engine Practical Test Standards PTS are the same or similar to the single-engine PTS requirements. Before Deubler and Kotwal bought their twin-engine aircraft, they researched the operating costs and requirements.
He started talking to people, reading blogs and studying online manufacturer information.
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